The family archive is a treasure trove of information that can be approached from various angles and directions. The set of documents restore Mr. Mahrous’s status within the often-overlooked historical reality of Southern Palestine as a leading businessman whose work turned the barren desert in and around Bi’r Al-Sab’ into gardens and farms early in the twentieth century. Mr. Mahrous introduced wells, farms, mills, mining, and cutting-edge irrigation machinery into Bi’r Al-Sab’ where he owned vast acreage, (known as Dunams in Arabic) and estates in the city center and what is now its suburbs. In addition to that, the family archive bears witness to the socio-political development of Bi’r Al-Sab’ and Palestine. Some of these documents indicate the changing political climate from the Ottomans, to the British and the subsequent Jordanian and Israeli control and governance. Moreover, the documents and land deeds are almost always signed by a selection of historically relevant people from the Bi’r Al-Sab’ area. Those people seem to have served as intermediaries between Mr. Mahrous and the public of Bi’r Al-Sab’ and their testimonial signatures reflect the socio-economic power position of Mr. Mahrous vis-à-vis the signatories and the Bi’r Al-Sab’ public. Prominent of which are Sheikhs of large tribes of the Negev desert and various other businesspeople of the Bi’r Al-Sab’ region. Mr. Mahrous and his family remained in Bi’r Al-Sab’ until he was forced out of his estate by Israeli forces in 1948 leaving everything he owned behind. Bi’r Al-Sab’ was renamed to its current colonial name of Beersheba at this time.